Boeing

International Space Station

International Space Station

The International Space Station’s role as a scientific laboratory and test bed for deep-space technology is crucial to humanity’s ability to improve life on Earth while pursuing opportunities in space.

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一九五四年十月二日 一九五五年六月(?)日哥哥干 哥哥干在线 哥哥去 更改,切勿看見新的東西而手癢心癢至多只宜作輔助性質的附帶研究,而不能喧賓奪主。其次是練習的時候要安排恰當,務以最小限度的精力與時間,獲得最大限度的成績為原則。和避免分散精力連帶的就是重點學習。選擇作家就是重點學習的第一個步驟;第二個步驟是在選定的作家中再挑出幾個最有特色的樂曲。譬如巴哈,你一定要選出幾個典型的作品,代表他鍵盤樂曲的各個不同的面目的。這樣,你以後對于每一類的曲子,可以舉一反三,自動的找出路子來了。這些道理,你都和我一樣的明白。我所以不憚煩瑣的和你一再提及,因為我覺得你許多事都是知道了不做。學習計劃,你從來沒和我細談,雖然我有好幾封信問你。從現在起到明年(一九五六)暑假,你究竟決定了哪些作家,哪些作品?哪些作品作為主要的學習,哪些作為次要與輔助性質的?理由何在?這種種,無論如何希望你來信詳細討論。我屢次告訴你︰多寫信多討論問題,就是多些整理思想的機會,許多感性認識可以變做理性認識。這樣重要的訓練,你是不能漠視的。只消你看我的信就可知道。至于你忙,我也知道;但我每個月平均寫三封長信,每封平均有三千字,而你只有一封,只及我的三分之一︰莫非你忙的程度,比我超過200、100嗎)問題還在于你的心情︰心情不穩定,就懶得動筆。所以我這幾封信,接連的和你談思想問題,急于要使你感情平下來。做爸爸的不要求你什麼,只要求你多寫信,多寫有內容有思想實質的信;為了你對爸爸的愛,難道辦不到嗎?我也再三告訴過你,你一邊寫信整理思想,一邊就會發見自己有很多新觀念;無論對人生,對音樂,對鋼琴技巧,一定隨時有新的啟發,可以幫助你今後的學習。這樣一舉數得的事,怎麼沒勇氣干呢?尤其你這人是缺少計劃性的,多寫信等于多檢查自己,可以糾正你的缺點。當然,要做到“不分散精力”,“重點學習”,“多寫信,多發表感想,多報告計劃”,最基本的是要能抓緊時間。你該記得我的生活習慣吧?早上一起來,洗臉,吃點心,穿衣服,沒一件事不是用最快的速度趕著做的;而平日工作的時間,盡量不接見客人,不出門;萬一有了雜務打岔,就在晚上或星期日休息時間補足錯失的工作。這些都值得你模仿。要不然,怎麼能抓緊時間呢,怎麼能不浪費光陰呢?如今你住的地方幽靜,和克拉可夫音樂院宿舍相比,有天淵之別;你更不能辜負這個清靜的環境。每天的工作與休息時間都要安排妥當,避免一切突擊性的工作。你在國外,究竟不比國內常常有政治性的任務。臨時性質的演奏也不會太多,而且宜盡量推辭。正式的音樂會,應該在一個月以前決定,自己早些安排練節目的日程,切勿在期前三四天內日夜不停的“趕任務”,趕出來的東西總是不夠穩,不夠成熟的;並且還要妨礙正規學習;事後又要筋疲力盡,仿佛人要癱下來似的。

The International Space Station (ISS) is a permanently crewed on-orbit laboratory that enables scientific research supporting innovation on Earth and future deep space exploration. From design to launch, 15 countries collaborated to assemble the world's only permanently crewed orbital facility, which can house a crew of six and 150 ongoing experiments annually across an array of disciplines. The ISS represents a global effort to expand our knowledge and improve life on Earth while testing technology that will extend our reach to the moon, Mars and beyond.

Boeing officially turned over the U.S. on-orbit segment of the ISS to NASA on March 5, 2010, and continues to provide key engineering support services and capability enhancements, as well as processing for laboratory experiment racks. Boeing’s assessments have shown it is possible to sustain the life of the station’s primary structural hardware at least through 2030.

Feature Stories

Boeing reveals prototype of Gateway lunar orbiter

Boeing reveals prototype of Gateway lunar orbiter

May 6, 2019 in Space

Boeing has unveiled its Gateway Demonstrator, a prototype of the deep-space outpost that is key to the United States’ plan to return astronauts to the moon’s surface within five years.

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Boeing-developed spacesuit material to be tested outside ISS

Boeing-developed spacesuit material to be tested outside ISS

May 3, 2019 in Space

A unique material developed by a Boeing engineer to protect spacewalkers has been launched to the International Space Station (ISS) for its most challenging test yet.

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Diversity, teamwork key to continued ISS support

Diversity, teamwork key to continued ISS support

April 8, 2019 in Space

Our International Space Station team knows how important collaboration is to provide the best ideas for the ISS. This is critical as it welcomes NASA Commercial Crew spacecraft and remain operational until 2030 and beyond.

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In the DNA

In the DNA

August 22, 2017 in Space, Technology

United Arab Emirates student’s experiment launches to the International Space Station.

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Genes in Space: 17-Year-Old Winner’s Experiment Sent to ISS

Genes in Space: 17-Year-Old Winner’s Experiment Sent to ISS

April 13, 2016 in Space

17-year-old Anna-Sophia Boguraev won the inaugural Genes in Space competition in 2015.

 

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Celebration and Reconfiguration Aboard the International Space Station

Celebration and Reconfiguration Aboard the International Space Station

November 2, 2015 in Space

A tower astronauts will use to board Boeing's Crew Space Transportation (CST)-100 Starliner is rising in the Florida skyline.

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The 220-Mile-High Lab

The 220-Mile-High Lab

July 2, 2015 in Innovation, Space

Rotating 220 miles (354 km) above Earth is the International Space Station, where Boeing provides a safe environment for more than 200 experiments.

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International Space Station

A Step Closer to Deep Space

January 15, 2015 in Innovation, Space

The 15-year milestone marks the halfway point for the projected 30-year International Space Station program.

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CST-100: Next American space capsule

CST-100: Next American space capsule

September 16, 2014 in Space

NASA awards Boeing $4.2 billion to build and fly the United States’ next passenger spacecraft, the Crew Space Transportation (CST)-100.

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Last shuttle commander virtually flies Boeing CST-100

Last shuttle commander virtually flies Boeing CST-100

February 27, 2014 in Space, Technology

Chris Ferguson, commander of the final space shuttle flight, virtually returns to space in the Boeing Crew Space Transportation (CST)-100 simulator.

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Happy Anniversary ISS

Happy Anniversary ISS

November 20, 2013 in Space

The 15-year milestone marks the halfway point for the projected 30-year International Space Station program.

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Gateway

NASA is working with its partners and suppliers to design and develop the Gateway, a moon-orbiting outpost that will serve as a base for human and robotic expeditions on the moon, and for future missions to Mars. The U.S. presidential administration’s goal of “boots on the moon” in 2024 relies on the Gateway.

Boeing’s Gateway concept builds on the company’s experience from designing, building and operating the ISS for more than 20 years. Boeing is working on a habitation module and an airlock module that doubles as additional living/work space.

Launched aboard rockets including NASA’s Space Launch System, these Gateway modules and others would connect with one another in lunar orbit using NASA’s Orion capsule or a space tug. Following astronauts’ return to the moon’s surface via a lunar lander, the Gateway will become a hub for continuing missions to the moon and Mars for NASA, its international partners, and private companies.

International Space Station Technical Specifications

Length (pressurized section) 167 ft (51 m) Operating Altitude 220 nmi (407 km) average
Total Length 192 ft (58.5 m) Inclination 51.6 degrees to the Equator
Total Height 100 ft (30.5 m) Atmosphere Inside 14.7 psi (101.36 kilopascals)
Solar Array Wingspan 239 ft (72.8 m) Pressurized Volume 34,700 cu ft (habitable volume of
14,400 cu ft)
Integrated Truss Length 357 ft (109 m) Computers to Control Station 52
Mass (Weight) 919,964 lbs Power Generation 84 kw to 120 kw (usable power)

The Nations of the International Space Station

NASA selected Boeing as prime contractor for the International Space Station on Aug. 17, 1993, and the original cost-plus-award-fee contract began on Jan. 13, 1995. Boeing is responsible for maintaining the station at peak performance levels so the full value of the unique research laboratory is available to NASA, its international partners, other U.S. government agencies and private companies.

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Quick Facts

INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION:

A LAB LIKE NO OTHER

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