Boeing

International Space Station

International Space Station

The International Space Station’s role as a scientific laboratory and test bed for deep-space technology is crucial to humanity’s ability to improve life on Earth while pursuing opportunities in space.

姐妹国产在线高清国产姐妹在线国产姐妹在线观看韩国要求日本撤回出口管制 日经济大臣:完全没考虑

發布時間︰

第一種難題涉及文化差異的問題。傅雷在《家書》里選用了一些外文字,如complex,devotion,flattered,kind,sentiment,spontaneity等等,這些字,正如翻譯時常叫人頭痛的“privacy”一般,不太好用中文表達。我們首先以devotion為例。devotion在宗教上的意義,是對上帝的虔誠與膜拜;在非宗教上的意義,是對一個人或一個信仰的無私的忠誠與熱愛。《家書》中也收錄了傅夫人朱梅馥的幾封信。在第224頁(舊版第208頁)上,傅夫人提到傅雷對傅聰父子情深,她對兒子寫道︰“他這樣壞的身體,對你的devotion,對你的關懷,我看了也感動。”此處用了devotion一字,在西方傳統中,子女長大後,可以跟父母成為朋友,有時甚至以名字稱呼,因此父母對子女的感情可以用devotion來敘述;但是中國人的社會中講求父慈子孝、兄友弟恭,倫常的關系一向是長幼有序的,父對子的感情至深至切,也不宜用“忠誠”或“熱愛”來描繪,所以我就把devotion譯為“愛護”。接著,我要提一提flatter這個字。這個字的原義是“諂媚、阿諛、奉承”,但是英文里倘若某人接受他人贊美時,常用“Iamflattered”的說法,以表示自謙,翻譯過來,即等于中文的“過獎”、不敢當”、“不勝榮幸”等等。在《家書》第54頁(舊版第50頁)中,傅雷贊揚傅聰勤干練琴,毅力可嘉,說道︰“孩子,你真有這個勁兒,大家還說是像我,我听了好不flattered!”此處,不論“過獎”、“不敢當”或“不勝榮幸”等,都安不下去,所以就譯為“得意”兩字,全句听起來就比較順曰,比較像中文的說法。再以“kind”為例。這個字英文里的含義十分豐富,根據OxfordEnglishDictionary,Webster’sThirdNewInternationalDictionary以及CollinsEnglishDictionary中的解釋,歸納起來就有“well-bred,gentle,sympathetic,affectionate,Ioving,fond,intimate,grateful,thankful,fender”等等,假如原文有一句“Sheiskind”,要譯成中文,就很難掌握確切的意思︰必須看上下文的意思,小心揣摸才行。《家書》中有一處(第289頁,舊版第273頁)傅雷提到彌拉年輕,未經世事,收到禮物後毫無表示,希望做兒子的能從旁提醒,但必須含蓄婉轉,“但這事你得非常和緩的向她提出,也別露出是我信中慎怪她,只作為你自己發覺這樣不大好,不夠kind,不合乎做人之道。”此處“kind”既不能譯為“客氣”、“仁慈”,又不能譯為“賢慧”、“溫柔”,字典上列出的解釋,好像一個都不管用。西方人似乎很少會對兒媳諄諄勸導,此處的“kind”,我考慮再三,結果譯了“周到”兩字,這樣就比較語氣連貫,後文提到說這一切做法都是為了幫助她學習“livethelife”,也就順理成章譯為“待人處世”了。 七姐妹国产在线 ……高清国产姐妹在线 国产姐妹在线观看

The International Space Station (ISS) is a permanently crewed on-orbit laboratory that enables scientific research supporting innovation on Earth and future deep space exploration. From design to launch, 15 countries collaborated to assemble the world's only permanently crewed orbital facility, which can house a crew of six and 150 ongoing experiments annually across an array of disciplines. The ISS represents a global effort to expand our knowledge and improve life on Earth while testing technology that will extend our reach to the moon, Mars and beyond.

Boeing officially turned over the U.S. on-orbit segment of the ISS to NASA on March 5, 2010, and continues to provide key engineering support services and capability enhancements, as well as processing for laboratory experiment racks. Boeing’s assessments have shown it is possible to sustain the life of the station’s primary structural hardware at least through 2030.

Feature Stories

Boeing reveals prototype of Gateway lunar orbiter

Boeing reveals prototype of Gateway lunar orbiter

May 6, 2019 in Space

Boeing has unveiled its Gateway Demonstrator, a prototype of the deep-space outpost that is key to the United States’ plan to return astronauts to the moon’s surface within five years.

Learn More
Boeing-developed spacesuit material to be tested outside ISS

Boeing-developed spacesuit material to be tested outside ISS

May 3, 2019 in Space

A unique material developed by a Boeing engineer to protect spacewalkers has been launched to the International Space Station (ISS) for its most challenging test yet.

Learn More
Diversity, teamwork key to continued ISS support

Diversity, teamwork key to continued ISS support

April 8, 2019 in Space

Our International Space Station team knows how important collaboration is to provide the best ideas for the ISS. This is critical as it welcomes NASA Commercial Crew spacecraft and remain operational until 2030 and beyond.

Learn More
In the DNA

In the DNA

August 22, 2017 in Space, Technology

United Arab Emirates student’s experiment launches to the International Space Station.

Learn More
Genes in Space: 17-Year-Old Winner’s Experiment Sent to ISS

Genes in Space: 17-Year-Old Winner’s Experiment Sent to ISS

April 13, 2016 in Space

17-year-old Anna-Sophia Boguraev won the inaugural Genes in Space competition in 2015.

 

Learn More
Celebration and Reconfiguration Aboard the International Space Station

Celebration and Reconfiguration Aboard the International Space Station

November 2, 2015 in Space

A tower astronauts will use to board Boeing's Crew Space Transportation (CST)-100 Starliner is rising in the Florida skyline.

Learn More
The 220-Mile-High Lab

The 220-Mile-High Lab

July 2, 2015 in Innovation, Space

Rotating 220 miles (354 km) above Earth is the International Space Station, where Boeing provides a safe environment for more than 200 experiments.

Learn More
International Space Station

A Step Closer to Deep Space

January 15, 2015 in Innovation, Space

The 15-year milestone marks the halfway point for the projected 30-year International Space Station program.

Learn More
CST-100: Next American space capsule

CST-100: Next American space capsule

September 16, 2014 in Space

NASA awards Boeing $4.2 billion to build and fly the United States’ next passenger spacecraft, the Crew Space Transportation (CST)-100.

Learn More
Last shuttle commander virtually flies Boeing CST-100

Last shuttle commander virtually flies Boeing CST-100

February 27, 2014 in Space, Technology

Chris Ferguson, commander of the final space shuttle flight, virtually returns to space in the Boeing Crew Space Transportation (CST)-100 simulator.

Learn More
Happy Anniversary ISS

Happy Anniversary ISS

November 20, 2013 in Space

The 15-year milestone marks the halfway point for the projected 30-year International Space Station program.

Learn More

Gateway

NASA is working with its partners and suppliers to design and develop the Gateway, a moon-orbiting outpost that will serve as a base for human and robotic expeditions on the moon, and for future missions to Mars. The U.S. presidential administration’s goal of “boots on the moon” in 2024 relies on the Gateway.

Boeing’s Gateway concept builds on the company’s experience from designing, building and operating the ISS for more than 20 years. Boeing is working on a habitation module and an airlock module that doubles as additional living/work space.

Launched aboard rockets including NASA’s Space Launch System, these Gateway modules and others would connect with one another in lunar orbit using NASA’s Orion capsule or a space tug. Following astronauts’ return to the moon’s surface via a lunar lander, the Gateway will become a hub for continuing missions to the moon and Mars for NASA, its international partners, and private companies.

International Space Station Technical Specifications

Length (pressurized section) 167 ft (51 m) Operating Altitude 220 nmi (407 km) average
Total Length 192 ft (58.5 m) Inclination 51.6 degrees to the Equator
Total Height 100 ft (30.5 m) Atmosphere Inside 14.7 psi (101.36 kilopascals)
Solar Array Wingspan 239 ft (72.8 m) Pressurized Volume 34,700 cu ft (habitable volume of
14,400 cu ft)
Integrated Truss Length 357 ft (109 m) Computers to Control Station 52
Mass (Weight) 919,964 lbs Power Generation 84 kw to 120 kw (usable power)

The Nations of the International Space Station

NASA selected Boeing as prime contractor for the International Space Station on Aug. 17, 1993, and the original cost-plus-award-fee contract began on Jan. 13, 1995. Boeing is responsible for maintaining the station at peak performance levels so the full value of the unique research laboratory is available to NASA, its international partners, other U.S. government agencies and private companies.

  • Belgium flag

    Belgium

  • Canada flag

    Canada

  • Danish flag

    Denmark

  • French flag

    France

  • German flag

    Germany

  • Italian flag

    Italy

  • Japanese flag

    Japan

  • Netherlands flag

    Netherlands

  • Norwegian flag

    Norway

  • Russian flag

    Russia

  • Spanish flag

    Spain

  • Swedish flag

    Sweden

  • Swiss flag

    Switzerland

  • UK flag

    United Kingdom

  • United States Flag

    United States

Quick Facts

INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION:

A LAB LIKE NO OTHER

START 3D EXPERIENCE
LOADING
READ MORE
CLOSE